25 Dec 2013

Infant Mortality Rates (IMR)

Infant Mortality Rates (IMR)
Infant mortality rate has been recognized as a summary index of the socio-economic development and healthcare provision of a region which is also reflected by IMR differentials in Rural and Urban areas.

 As per Registrar General of India (Report on Causes of Death, 2001-03), the prominent causes of death among infants are perinatal conditions (46%), respiratory infections (22%), diarrhoeal disease (10%), other infectious and parasitic diseases (8%), and congenital anomalies (3.1%). 

As per the provisions of the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005, the role of National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) is monitoring and recommendatory in nature. 

The Commission has written to the State Governments on Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006. 

National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) had conducted consultation on the issue of child marriage at New Delhi on 05.12.2011 and regional consultations in Bangalore on 23.12.2011 and in Hyderabad on 07.01.2012 to share strategies in order to launch a campaign against child marriage. 

According to Sample Registration System 2012 of Registrar General of India, Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) is 42 per 1000 live births. IMR is rural area is 46 per 1000 live births whereas in urban area IMR is 28 per 1000 live births. 

This was stated by Smt. Krishna Tirath, Minister for Women and Child Development, in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha today. 

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